miércoles, 25 de marzo de 2009

Fotógrafo Service Studio Foto. Fotografía antigua San Francisco 1918.

En esta imagen posan orgullosos los obreros, mecánicos y la primera tripulación del barco de hormigón armado S.S. Faith.

La foto fue un encargo a Service Studio Foto, 123 Market St.

Este buque fue el primer barco de este material en Estados Unidos y fue botado en Oakland en 1918.


Fue un encargo del Presidente Wilson que valoró utilizar este material en tiempos de guerra por la escasez del hierro.

El buque fue encargado a la San Francisco Shipbuilding Company de Leslie Comyn.
Su construcción se llevo a cabo en poco mas de cuatro meses.

Todo la creación del barco fue documentada en un álbum de 100 fotos de gelatino bromuro.
Es un álbum raro pues se hicieron muy pocos buques de este tipo y , además, dado el material utilizado son fotos de una belleza casi abstracta en muchos casos



Carrying a General Cargo the concrete ship Faith. Passing through Gaillard  Cut Panama Canal en route from New York to Valparaiso on the Stone Hull has been conclusively demonstrated by this vessel, which has Weathered heavy storms an travelled thousands of miles during the past year.
 

  • Another text without image:

N.Y. Gets sugar in Concrete ship Faith
By associated press
New York Nov. 21.
The American steamship Faith, the largest concrete ship in the world, launched March 14 last on the Pacific Coast as an experiment in this metod of construction, arrived here today with a cargo of sugar from Cuba
 

  • On the back cover, there was another label:

The ideal
To duplicate order
Nº 7633 B
Made by
The  J.L. Hanson Co.
Chicago
  • Concrete Shipbuilding in San Diego, 1918-1920

    Chronology
    1849 Concrete skiff made in France.
    1859 Concrete barges launched in Netherlands for canal use.
    1909 Freighter barge put in service from Frankfort-am-Main.
    7 Sep 1916 Congress creates U. S. Shipping Board.
    
    Feb 1917 Staff assembled for concrete ship design.
    20 Apr 1917 USSB contracts for first concrete ship.
    2 Aug 1917 Namsenfjord, first sea-going freighter, launched.
    1 Jan 1918 Concrete Ship Section established. 
    
    18 Mar 1918 Faith launched.
    
    
    "Faith" left San  Francisco 22 May on her first voyage commercial with a
     cargo of rock salt and  copper ore assigned to Seattle. She traded in 
    the eastern Pacific, Caribbean,  and North Atlantic until December 1921.15
    While not a standard prototype Faith nonetheless set parameters
     used  to delineate 'stone' ships that followed. She was built on 
    longitudinal framing  joining transverse frames set 16 feet apart. 
    Lugged bars woven in a diagonal  mesh were encased in concrete, the skin
     being part of the framing. Her bottom  was 4 1/2" thick, sides 4", and 
    shelter decks 3 to 3 1/2". There were 7  watertight bulkheads. Her 
    principal measurements were 320 x 44.5 x 27.7.  Bethlehem Shipbuilding 
    Company of Alameda provided a 1750 hp triple expansion  engine that was 
    24" x 39" x 65" and 42". Gross tonnage was 3,427 and net 2,071;  
    displacement was 4,500 tons.34
     
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