martes, 14 de octubre de 2008

Fotógrafo Albert Levy. Arquitectos en L'Architecture Americaine

En L'Architecture Americaine (2º serie) se encuentran representadas casas o, por mejor decir, mansiones diseñadas por los arquitectos recogidos en este cuadro.

Como se puede ver la seleccion artística, pues la arquitectura es un arte, realizada por el fotógrafo Albert Levy es espléndida, lo mejor de la arquitectura americana de ese tiempo esta aquí representada.

Los criterios de selección de esta labor fotográfica son, en mi opinión, de dos tipos:

  • Selección del propietario
  • Selección del arquitecto
En relación con el primero cabe suponer que, en cada ciudad, era fácil localizar las mansiones de los más ricos del lugar que estarían encargadas -lógicamente- a los mejores arquitectos del mundo.

En cuanto al criterio por arquitecto, evidentemente muy relacionado como dije con el punto anterior, está influenciado por la nacionalidad francesa de Levy escogiendo arquitectos, en esta serie, relacionados en mayor o menor grado con Francia y especialmente con la Escuela de Bellas Artes de Paris.

A continuación el listado de fotógrafos, arquitectos, dueño, localización y fecha de las fotos tal cual aparece representado en el índice del album.



PLANCHE

ARCHITECT

OWNER, BUILDING

LOCATION

DATE

1

Herter Brothers

William H. Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1880 - 1884

2

Herter Brothers

William H. Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1880 - 1884

3

G. B. Post

Cornelius Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1879 - 1882

4

G. B. Post

Cornelius Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1879 - 1882

5

G. B. Post

Cornelius Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1879 - 1882

6

R. M. Hunt

William K. Vanderbilt residence

New York, New York

1879 - 1881

7

C. Vaux

Governor Samuel J Tilden residence

New York, New York

1872 - 1874

8

E. H. Kendall

Odgen Goelet residence

New York, New York

1882

9

C. B. Atwood

Dr. Stewart Webb and H. McKinley Twombly residences

New York, New York

1885

10

Peabody and Stearns

John C. Phillips residence

Boston, Massachussets

1877 - 1879

11

J. H. Besarick

James Converse residence

Boston, Massachussets

1884

12

C. Fehmer

Oliver Ames residence

Boston, Massachussets

1882

13

Burham and Root

Augustus Byram residence

Chicago, Illinois

-

14

Allen and Kenway

M. Washburn residence

Boston, Massachussets

1880

15

W. L. B. Jenney

Private residences

Chicago, Illinois

-

16

Wheelock and Clay

Private residence

Chicago, Illinois

-

17

Wheelock and Clay

Private residences

Chicago, Illinois

-

18

F. K. Schock

Private residence

Chicago, Illinois

-

19

S Hannaford

John E. Bell residence

Cincinnati, Ohio

1881 - 1882

20

C. C. Nichols

Private residence

Albany, New York

-

21

W. Scott and Company

Simon J. Murphy residence

Detroit, Michigan

-

22

Lamb and Wheeler

Apartment buildings

New York, New York

-

23

R. H. Robertson

Private residence

New York, New York

1881

24

-

Apartment buildings

New York, New York

-

25

Cabot and Chandler

Private residence

Boston, Massachussets

1880

26

Kirby and Lewis

Horace Billings and H. Tuttle residences

Boston, Massachussets

1879

27

Kirby and Lewis

Private residences

Boston, Massachussets

1880

28

-

Private residences

Washington, D.C.

-

29

C. Pfeifer

"The Berkshires"

New York, New York

1883 - 1884

30

Peabody and Stearns

Vestibule of the J. H. White residence

Brookline, Massachussets

1880 - 1881

31

W. R. Emerson

Vestibule of a summer residence

North East Harbor, Me

-

32

W. R. Emerson

Vestibule of a summer residence

North East Harbor, Me

-

33

L. T. Schofield

Dining-room Buffer

Cleveland, Ohio

-

34

Burling and Whitehouse (architects); A. Fiedler (decorator)

Dining-room of the S. M. Nickerson residence

Chicago, Illinois

1883

35

Burling and Whitehouse (architects); A. Fiedler (decorator)

Smoking-room of the S. M. Nickerson residence

Chicago, Illinois

1883

36

H. H. Richardson

Fireplace of the Oakes Ames Memorial Library

North Easton, Massachussets

1877

37

Peabody and Stearns

Fireplace of ladies' parlor of the R. H. White Store

Boston, Massachussets

1881

38

H. J. Schwartzmann and Company

Music room and conservatoy

New York, New York

-

39

Burling and Whitehouse (architects); A. Fiedler (decorator)

Bedroom of the S. M. Nickerson residence

Chicago, Illinois

1883

40

G. W. Lloyd

Bar room

Detroit, Michigan

-


Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture. Due to these series, Albert Levy is referenced as counterpart for Alinari in the United States (13).

  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Second Series, Country Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Ninth Series, Street Fronts. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: First Series, Private City Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Fifth Series, Messrs. Vanderbilt's Mansions. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Tenth Series, Sea Shore Cottages and Country Houses. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Twelfth Series, Modern Street Architecture of Berlin, Street Fronts and Apartment Houses. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series, the Fourteenth Series: Romanesque and Gothic Churches in the South of France (24)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Sixteenth Series, American Private City Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series:  Twenty-fourth series.(Berne, Lucerne, Zurich and other Swiss cities and towns) (21)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Thirty-Fifth Series, Sea Shore Cottages And Country Houses, Bar Harbor, Mount Desert, Maine : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: Thirty-First Series, Street Fronts, Stores, Office , Etc : Lévy, Albert. c1884 (15)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Thirty-Sixth Series, Sea-Shore Cottages, Etc., Newport, R.I., And Long Branch, N.J : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (15)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series Of Modern American Architecture. : Lévy, Albert. 1883
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: 3rd series, French Gothic and Renaissance, Civil and Domestic Architecture, New York: Albert Levy, 1884. (14)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: 33rd series, American City and Country Residences, etc, New York: Albert Levy, 1884. (14)
  • Architectural Photographic Series, city houses/Levy: 1 album, 38 leaves of plates: photographs 36x46 cm. New York, Albert Levy (between 1880-1895?). (20).
    • Signature by Albert Levy in "Albert Levy's Architectural photographic series"

      In some cases, in the Photographic series the  Photographs are titled, numbered and mounted on blue card stock. The card stock is embossed
      "Architectural & Decorative Books, Albert Levy, NY, 77, University".

      Studies/shops:
      - He had the following studies in New York

          - A study in 77 University Place, NY in 1870-1878 (23)

          - A study in 4 Bond Street, NY in 1880 (2)
          - A study in 34 1/2 Pine Street, NY in 1887 (3).
      - At the same time he also had a study in France, 19 rue de la Chaussée-d'Antin, Paris (3).
      - The Bibliothèque Nacionale de France also has another reference in 1901: "22 janvier 1901, A. Lévy, 4 av. Pinel, Asnières" (3)
      He is also referenced as bookseller (2).

      Manufacturer:
      Albert Levy is referenced as the photographer who began the manufacture of the gelatin dry plates in 1878. All references can be found in the book Photography and the American Scene. A social history (1839-1889) by Robert Taft. See (5), (6), (7) and (8) for full text.
      Albert Levy is also identified as "early competitor of Eastman, NYC" (9). This reference relates also to the book by Robert Taft (10).

      Editor:
      The Bibliothèque Nacionale the France (2) and the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library (20) own a catalogue of 2500 titles by Albert Levy as editor in New York and Paris for Architectural photography. 

      • Photographs by Levy in the Halic Collection: Art Institute Chicago 
      • Culture France
        L’assimilation du régionalisme dans l’architecture balnéaire

        L’apparition du style néo-normand est sans doute la plus précoce mais aussi la plus
          ambiguë du régionalisme. D’après Claude Mignot, le créateur du type de la villa néo-normande
        semble être l’architecte caennais Jacques Baumier père. Dès 1860, celui-ci bâtit les dépendances de la villa Suzanne de Louis-Léon Paris à Houlgate et, deux ans plus tard, sur la plage de Trouville la Maison normande pour Adolphe Cordier. Elles seront suivies de trois autres réalisations sur les  hauteurs de la même station. Il faut attendre une vingtaine d’années pour voir se répandre la seconde génération de villas sur toute la côte normande, signées par de nombreux architectes comme
        Jacques Baumier fils, Edouard Papinot, Adrien Jory père et fils, E. Mauclerc, G. Pichereau

        Estudio sobre la arquitectura Balnearia. Tipos de Viviendas

        Jacques Baumier Wikipedia
       

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