lunes, 15 de septiembre de 2014

Fotografía Albúmina Melrose Abbey. Georges Washington Wilson Photographer


La Abadía de Melrose es uno de los monumentos más importantes de Escocia.
La abadía de Melrose, ubicada en la ciudad de Melrose, en Escocia, es un monasterio fundado en el año 1136 por monjes pertenecientes a la Orden del Císter, a petición del rey David I, rey de Escocia. Hoy en día la abadía se encuentra bajo la tutela del organismo administrativo especializado Historic Scotland.
Estamos ante una de las arquitecturas más fotografiadas en su época y uno de los lugares también mas visitados hoy en Escocia
The exterior of this magnificent ruin is decorated by unusual sculptures, including hobgoblins, cooks with ladles and a bagpipe playing pig.

Melrose Abbey from S.E. Georges Washington Wilson
  Melrose Abbey north transept and chancel G.W.W.
St Mary's Abbey, Melrose is a part ruined monastery of the Cistercian order in Melrose, Roxburghshire, in the Scottish Borders.
It was founded in 1136 by Cistercian monks on the request of King David I of Scotland, and was the chief house of that order in the country, until the Reformation. It was headed by the Abbot or Commendator of Melrose. Today the abbey is maintained by Historic Scotland.
The east end of the abbey was completed in 1146. Other buildings in the complex were added over the next 50 years. The abbey was built in the Gothic manner, and in the form of a St. John's cross. A considerable portion of the abbey is now in ruins, though a structure dating from 1590 is maintained as a museum open to the public.


Excelente artículo en inglés que  repasa la historia profesional de estos dos grandes estudios fotográficos con especial hincapié a los procedimientos de "marketing fotográfico de la época"

..................With a similar entrepreneurial spirit, in a bid to extend his initial portraits into the realm of greater production, Wilson had a stroke of marketing genius. In 1857 he created a montage of one-hundred and one of Aberdeen’s established middle class, identifying the who’s who of Aberdeen society, and simultaneously drawing attention to himself, to his clients and their elevated status. It sold extremely well, and in a single stroke this new promotion publicly cemented his relationship with existing clients while using their patronage and image as advertising, thus compelling other members of society, wishing for similar recognition, to visit his studio in the hopes of being included in the next year’s edition...........

Con un espíritu emprendedor similar, en un intento por extender sus retratos iniciales en el terreno de una mayor producción, Wilson tuvo un golpe de genio del marketing. En 1857 s creó un montaje de cien y una fotos  de la clase media establecida de Aberdeen, identificar el quién es quién de la sociedad Aberdeen, y al mismo tiempo llamar la atención sobre sí mismo, a sus clientes y su elevado estatus. Se vendió muy bien, y de un solo golpe esta nueva promoción cimentó públicamente su relación con los clientes existentes durante el uso de su patrocinio y la imagen como la publicidad, por lo tanto obligar a otros miembros de la sociedad, con el deseo de reconocimiento similar, para visitar a su estudio con la esperanza de ser incluido en la edición del próximo año ...........


 Metropolitan Museum

Aberdeen Portraits No. 1

George Washington Wilson
(British, Grampian (Baffshire), Scotland 1823–1893 Abedeen, Scotland)

Date: 1857

Medium: Albumen silver print from glass negative

Dimensions: Image: 21.3 x 17.2 cm (8 3/8 x 6 3/4 in.) Mount: 37.7 x 30 cm (14 13/16 x 11 13/16 in.) Frame: 43.2 x 35.6 cm (17 x 14 in.)

Classification: Photographs

Credit Line: The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Fund, through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 2011

Accession Number: 2011.424
 As the leading portrait photographer in Aberdeen, Scotland, Wilson had on file hundreds of negatives of the city’s professional elite. At the suggestion of his friend George Walker, a bookseller, Wilson cut out and pasted a selection of portrait heads in a tight oval, placing the largest and most important figures at the center; then he re-photographed the collage. Displayed in the window of Walker’s bookshop, the completed photomontage attracted immediate attention. Remarkably, some passersby did not realize that the photograph was composed of separate portraits, and Wilson and Walker received inquiries about “when & where all these people had been collected & photographed.”

Como fotógrafo de retrato principal en Aberdeen, Escocia, Wilson tuvo en archivos cientos de negativos de élite profesional de la ciudad. A sugerencia de su amigo George Walker, un librero, Wilson cortar y pegar una selección de cabezas retrato de un óvalo estrecho, colocando las figuras más grandes e importantes en el centro; luego volvió a fotografiar el collage. Se muestra en la ventana de la librería de Walker, el fotomontaje completado atrajo atención inmediata. Sorprendentemente, algunos transeúntes no se dieron cuenta de que la fotografía fue compuesta por retratos separados, y Wilson y Walker recibieron consultas sobre "cuando y donde todas estas personas habían sido recogidos y fotografiados."
The George Washington Wilson and Co. Photographic Collection
The George Washington Wilson and Co. photographic collection consists of over 37,000 glass plate negatives, produced by the Aberdeen firm between the second half of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century
His patronage by the Royal Family during their visits to the Balmoral Estates began in 1854 when he was invited to take photographs of the Royal family in the grounds of Balmoral
He received the official appointment of Photographer Royal for Scotland in 1860 and his relationship with the Royal family continued throughout his career
  • Recordemos que la Universidad de Aberdeen conserva el archivo de este fotógrafo y que está disponible la opción de compra de sus fotos.
si utilizamos el motor de búsqueda con el término Spain aparecen 245 fotos que corresponden a diferentes ciudades de España.
George Washington Wilson exhibited his photos in these early exhibitions:
-  1855:  British Association, Glasgow
-  1856:  Edinburgh Photographic Society
-  1857:  Art Treasures, Manchester
-  1858:  Edinburgh Photographic Society
-  1859:  British Association, Glasgow
-  1859:  Glasgow Photographic Society
-  1861:  London Photographic Society
-  1862:  London International Exhibition
Wilson went on to build up a substantial business as a publisher of topographic views, principally of Scotland, where he travelled to Braemar, the Trossachs, the Falls of Clyde and many of the wilder parts of Scotland. His English output is small compared with his Scottish views, but Wilson made several journeys into England.
Born 7 February 1823; died 9 March 1893.
By 1880 he had established the largest publishing company of topographical views in Britain called "G.W. Wilson & Co.".

[Recueil.] Scottish Scenery / G. W. Wilson
[Recueil.] Scottish Scenery / G. W. Wilson
Source: gallica.bnf.fr