martes, 3 de mayo de 2016

Catalogue général des photographies by Naya, Carlo. The Alethoscope :The Megalethoscope


Catalogue général des photographies by Naya, Carlo.




The Alethoscope is an optical instrument by means of which ail kinds of photographs can be seen in rilievo presenting a splendid perspective nearly as large as nature.
This effcct may be obtained eitlier by réfaction or by transparency and can be seen by daylight as well as by lamp liglit or otlier artificial light.
When used by daylight tlie instrument should be placed upon a table in front a window. After the photograph lias been introduced through the aperture G. (figure N. 1) the two reflectors E. F. must be open so as to throw a powerful light on the photograph, which is seen by réfaction. To observe it by transparency the two reflectors must be closed and the door L. open so as to throw day light through the photograph.
When the Alethoscope is used by night a lamp should be placed at the aperture of reflector F. so as to allow the photograph to be seen by reflection. To obtain the effect of transparency, the reflectors must be closed, the door L. opened and the lamp placed in front of it.
 

The Megalethoscope is an optical device invented by Carlo Ponti, a Swiss-born optician and photographer who studied photography for eight years in Paris before settling in Venice in 1854. Ponti first created a device called an Alethoscope in 1860, for the viewing of prints and photographs. The Alethoscope was used to view photographs that were specially prepared and mounted on a curved wooden frame, and showed day-and-night effects by viewing with either reflected or transmitted light.
Ponti was reknowned for his lenses and his series of photographic albums, “Ricordi di Venezia.” He actively edited and published the work of other Venetian photographers as well as his own throughout the 1860’s. Due to administrative confusion during the Austrio-Prussian war and the Peace Treaty of 1860, Ponti lost his copyright and his collaborator Carlo Naya began producing the Alethoscope under his own name. Ponti tried unsuccessfully throughout the remainder of his career to regain his exclusive right to the invention, and died in 1893, completely blind