domingo, 5 de julio de 2015

Fotografía Segunda Guerra Mundial La Catedral de San Pablo Londres. Photo Agency WWII St Pauls cathedral in the smoke of the bombs

Si miramos esta foto desde un punto de vista artístico estaríamos ante una buena foto, quizás incluso una muy buena foto.
Si vemos lo que documenta, un bombardeo en Londres en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, estaríamos ante la memoria, el recuerdo de un hecho dramático en una guerra de millones de muertos.



....The present Cathedral, the masterpiece of Britain's most famous architect Sir Christopher Wren, is at least the fourth to have stood on the site. It was built between 1675 and 1710, after its predecessor was destroyed in the Great Fire of London, and services began in 1697.
This was the first cathedral to be built after the English Reformation in the sixteenth-century, when Henry VIII removed the Church of England from the jurisdiction of the Pope and the Crown took control of the life of the church. The three hundred year old building is therefore a relative newcomer to a site which has witnessed Christian Worship for over one thousand four hundred years. This brief history looks at just a few of the individuals and events which have shaped the history of St Paul’s Cathedral..
 During the Battle of Britain, the German Luftwaffe launches a heavy nighttime air raid on London. The dome of St. Paul's Cathedral was pierced by a Nazi bomb, leaving the high altar in ruin. It was one of the few occasions that the 17th-century cathedral suffered significant damage during Germany's nearly ceaseless bombing raids on London in the fall of 1940.
  • Agencias

Antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, los fotógrafos que no trabajaban para alguna revista importante, lo hacían para agencias. Existen tres tipos de agencias:
  • Agencias telegráficas. Difunden al mismo tiempo noticias escritas e imágenes. Abordan la actualidad día a día y sus fotógrafos son asalariados. La mayoría de las veces el suceso debe resumirse en una sola fotografía que muestra lo esencial. Los fotógrafos no son propietarios de sus imágenes y su publicación se firma con el nombre de la agencia. Algunas de estas agencias son: Associated Press (EEUU), United Press International (UPI), Reuter en Inglaterra, France-Presse (AFP), Tas (URSS)

  • Agencias news y los semanarios. Funcionaban tanto con personal asalariado como con free-lance. Surgen en los años 30, y la más antigua en Francia es la Alliance Photo, creada y dirigida en 1934 por Maria Eisner, que luego dirigirá Magnum. Forman parte de este proyecto Capa, Chim, Denise Bellon, Pierre Boucher, Pierre Verger, René Zuber, Émeric Feher y Henri Cartier-Bresson. Luego se unirá Werner Bischof y Ernst Haas.
En Estados Unidos se creó en 1935 la agencia Black Star. Tras la guerra se suman Apis, Dalmas y Reporters Associés.

Los fundadores podían producir temas de fondo o “grandes semanarios” que tuvieron mucho éxito.
El Picture Post consagró en 1938 a Robert Capa a los 25 años como el fotógrafo de guerra más importante del mundo.


  • Agencias de ilustración. Destinada a dar a conocer imágenes que tienen poca relación con la actualidad. Sus clientes suelen ser editores, instituciones, ministerios, museos, revistas especializadas en viajes y turismo, decoración…
La agencia Rapho se crea en París en 1933. Trabajan para ella Robert Doisneau, Willy Ronis, Janine Niepce, Serge de Sazo, Suzanne Fournier. Sus fotos se utilizan para empresas, publicidad… La mayor parte son fotógrafos humanistas.
Estas agencias viven en gran medida de la reventa de sus archivos.

- See more at: http://catalogo.artium.org/dossieres/4/fotoperiodismo-la-realidad-captada-por-el-objetivo/historia/el-fotoperiodismo-moderno-p-0#sthash.a7yHNApn.dpuf
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The Second World War was documented on a huge scale by thousands of photographers and artists who created millions of pictures. American military photographers representing all of the armed services covered the battlefronts around the world. Every activity of the war was depicted--training, combat, support services, and much more. On the home front, the many federal war agencies produced and collected pictures, posters, and cartoons on such subjects as war production, rationing, and civilian relocation.
The pictures described in this list are from the holdings of the Still Picture Branch (NNSP) of the National Archives and Records Administration. Most are from the records of the Army Signal Corps in Record Group (RG) 111, the Department of the Navy in RG 80, the Coast Guard in RG 26, the Marine Corps in RG 127, and the Office of War Information in RG 208. Others were selected from the records of 12 additional agenci

http://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/photos/images/thumbnails/

La exposición Magnum. 50 años de fotografía celebra los cincuenta años de producción fotográfica de la célebre agencia de fotografía, reconocida por su papel en la historia de la cultura visual de la segunda mitad del siglo XX y cuyo trabajo constituye la memoria gráfica del mundo moderno. Fundada en 1947, Magnum se empieza a definir en los años treinta a partir de la obra y los propósitos teórico-estéticos que defienden sus fundadores -Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Capa, George Rodger y David Seymour “Chim”-, especialmente a partir de los trabajos que realizan como reporteros en la Guerra Civil Española y en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Con esas fotografías sientan las bases del moderno reportaje fotográfico, sustentado en dos principios: la necesidad de extrema proximidad al hecho que demandaba Robert Capa, y la teoría del “instante decisivo” (images à la sauvette), elaborada por Cartier-Bresson y publicada en 1952, la cual constituye para muchos el texto programático de esta manera de hacer fotoperiodismo

Los archivos fotográficos en España son ricos en cantidad y calidad .... Colección de la I Guerra Mundial: Agencia BUFA y Associated Illustration (4.000). 3. ...... En la segunda década del siglo mantuvo intensa relación con .

  • L’ECPAD collecte, conserve, décrit et valorise les archives audiovisuelles et photographiques de la défense. Ces collections représentent aujourd’hui près de 6,7 millions de clichés et 52 000 titres de films et rushes de tournage. Ces documents sont portés à la connaissance du public et mis en consultation au sein de la Médiathèque du fort d’Ivry, en fonction de l’état d’avancement des inventaires, du traitement documentaire et de la numérisation

22 junio - 30 agosto, 1993
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Edificio Sabatini, Planta 3



En (google translate)

If we look at this photo from an artistic point of view we would have a good shot, maybe even a good picture.If we see what documents, a bombing in London in World War II, this would be the memory, the memory of a dramatic event a million war dead.
    
AgenciesBefore World War II, photographers who did not work for some major magazine, did for agencies. There are three types of agencies:

    
Telegraph agencies. Simultaneously broadcast written news and images. Today addressed daily and photographers are salaried. Most of the time the event should be summarized in a single photograph showing the essential. Photographers are not owners of their images and their publication is signed with the name of the agency. Some of these agencies are: Associated Press (USA), United Press International (UPI), Reuters in England, France-Presse (AFP), Tas (USSR)

    
News agencies and weeklies. Both paid staff worked as free-lance. Arise in the 30s, and the oldest in France is the Alliance Photo, created and directed in 1934 by Maria Eisner, who then direct Magnum. Part of this project Capa, Chim, Denise Bellon, Pierre Boucher, Pierre Verger, René Zuber, Émeric Feher and Henri Cartier-Bresson. Werner Bischof and then join Ernst Haas.
The United States created in 1935 the agency Black Star. After the war Apis, Dalmas and add Reporters Associés.The founders could produce substantive issues or "big weeklies" that were very successful.The Picture Post devoted to Robert Capa in 1938 at age 25 as the photographer's most important world war.
    
Agencies illustration. Intended to make known images that have little to do with today. Their clients are usually publishers, institutions, ministries, museums, specialized magazines in travel and tourism, decoration ...
The Rapho Agency in Paris in 1933. They work for her Robert Doisneau, Willy Ronis, Janine Niepce, Serge Sazo, Suzanne Fournier. His photos are used for business, advertising ... Most photographers are humanists.These agencies live largely from reselling your files.
- See more at: http://catalogo.artium.org/dossieres/4/fotoperiodismo-la-realidad-captada-por-el-objetivo/historia/el-fotoperiodismo-moderno-p-0#sthash.a7yHNApn.dpuf

    
Pictures of World War II
The Second World War was documented on a huge scale by Thousands of photographers and artists WHO created millions of pictures. American military photographers Representing all of the armed services covered the battlefronts around the world. Every activity of the war was Depicted - training, combat, support services, and much more. On the home front, the war many federal agencies produced and collected pictures, posters, and cartoons on Such subjects as war production, rationing, and civilian relocation.
The pictures Described In This list are from the holdings of the Still Picture Branch (NNSP) of the National Archives and Records Administration. Most are from the records of the Army Signal Corps in Record Group (RG) 111, the Department of the Navy in RG 80, the Coast Guard in RG 26, the Marine Corps in RG 127, and the Office of War Information in RG 208 . Others Were selected from the records of 12 additional agenci
http://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/photos/images/thumbnails/

    
Magnum. 50 years of photography
The exhibition Magnum. 50 years of photography celebrates fifty years of photographic production of the famous photo agency, recognized for its role in the history of visual culture in the second half of the twentieth century and whose work is the graphics memory of the modern world. Founded in 1947, Magnum begins to define in the thirties from the work and the theoretical and aesthetic purposes defending their founders Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Capa, George Rodger and David Seymour "Chim" - especially since the work they do as reporters in the Spanish Civil War and World War II. With those pictures lay the foundations of modern photographic report, based on two principles: the need for extreme proximity to the fact that demanded Robert Capa, and the theory of the "decisive moment" (à la sauvette images), made by Cartier-Bresson and published in 1952, which is for many the programmatic text of this way of doing photojournalism

    
Photographic Press archives
Photographic archives in Spain are rich in quantity and quality .... Collection of World War I: Agency BUFA and Associated Illustration (4,000). 3. ...... In the second decade of the century it remained intense relationship with.

    
L'ECPAD collecte, conserve, valorise décrit et les archives photographiques audiovisuelles et de la défense. Ces collections représentent aujourd'hui près of 6.7 millions of clichés et 52 000 titres de films et de tournage rushes. Portés Ces documents sont à la connaissance du public et mis en consultation au sein de la Médiathèque du Fort d'Ivry, en fonction de l'état d'avancement des inventaires, documentaire et du traitement the numérisation
June 22 to August 30, 1993