jueves, 17 de septiembre de 2015

Photographs, 1883. Albert Levy. Three rooms from the Samuel M. Nickerson Residence. 40 East Erie Street Chicago.

En el álbum L' Architecture Americaine no solo se recogen fotos del exterior de las mansiones más importantes de ciudades como Nueva York, Boston o Chicago sino que también el fotógrafo penetra en su interior para hacer fotos de sus lujosos salones.
Podríamos decir que, aquí, su función se aproxima a la de la fotografía de moda que vemos hoy día cuando grandes millonarios nos muestra su poder económica al dejar fotografiar el interior de sus casas. Pienso, sin embargo,que en esa época el trabajo del interior de los edificios ( decoración en el amplio sentido de la palabra) lo llevaban, en muchos casos, arquitectos, bien participaba el del edificio o bien se encargaba a otro arquitecto de interiores.


Blog. Driehaus Museum 

....Interior Designers of the Nickerson Mansion: William August Fiedler. Like many of his fellow countrymen, he found his way to Chicago, taking advantage of the post Chicago Fire building boom. A perfectionist in his pursuit of quality, Fiedler began his career the way many architects of the period did–as an interior designer.

...Fiedler’s impeccable attention to the smallest elements of style shine. He created unique parquet flooring and architectural flourishes with such precision and beauty that he went bankrupt by not charging his wealthy clients enough to compensate for the quality work he produced.

....In 1893 when the World’s Fair drew the curious multitudes to the White City, one of the standout buildings was Fiedler’s Moorish Palace, patterned after the Alhambra of Spain. It was one of three pavilions Fiedler designed for the Colombian Exhibition.



Three rooms from the Samuel M. Nickerson Residence. 40 East Erie Street Chicago. 1883 ( American Victorian Architecture A Survey of the 7's and 80's in contemporary photographs. Arnold Lewis and Keith Morgan) 

The dining room, smooking room and bedroom are all from the S.M. Nickerson residence. These rooms were closely described in Artistic Houses which noted the flemish Renaissence style  on the dining room, the high wainscoating of the smoking room whith shelves for "collected bria à brac ", and the general finish of the bedroom with high waisncoating and a canvas ceiling divided by wooden or brass moldings. 

Photographer Albert Levy. Posts

Albert Levy. Fotografía antigua Houlgate. Arquitecto Baumier.

Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: New Haven Connecticut

Albert Levy.James Converse Residence 347 Beacon Street Boston. Fotografo J.H. Besarick architect

Albert Levy The Philadelphia Photographer. Dry Plates. French Photographic emulsion.Boston Public Library




Architect: Burling and Whitehouse. A. Fiedler (decorator)
Owner: Dining-room of the S. M. Nickerson residence


Architect: Burling and Whitehouse. A. Fiedler (decorator)
Owner: Smoking-room of the S. M. Nickerson residence.

( This image listed as being from the Smoking Room is instead from the Reception Room of the Nickerson residence.  Source: Richard H. Driehaus Museum)


Architect: Burling and Whitehouse. A. Fiedler (decorator)
Owner: Bedroom of the S. M. Nickerson residence


Album L' Architecture americaine. Front, index


 Digital libraries Saic Edu


Title/Project Name Nickerson, Samuel M., Residence
Alternate Title/Project Name R.H. Love Galleries
Street Address/Neighborhood 40 E. Erie St.
City Chicago
State/Province Illinois
Country United States
Date Designed or Built 1883
Architect/Designer/Creator Burling and Whitehouse
Date of View c.1885-1900
View or Detail Type Exterior
Image Notes view from SW
Caption/Inscription Text BRC: 11
Photographer Taylor, J.W. [Chicago]

  • Hoy día, desde hace pocos años, esta mansión ha sido rehabilitada convirtiéndose en museo

The Richard H. Driehaus Museum immerses visitors in one of the grandest residential buildings of 19th-century Chicago, the Gilded Age home of banker Samuel Mayo Nickerson. 

The Life and Work of Edward J. Burling, Architect

Edward J. Burling was, arguably, the first great architect in this city of great architects.
In 1844, he became as the second—ever—architect to set up a practice in the nascent metropolis. In the 1850s and ‘60s, Burling formed prominent peaks on Chicago’s very first skyline, designing buildings like the first Chicago Chamber of Commerce, Tribune Building, Holy Name Cathedral, US Post Office and Customs House, Marine Bank Building, and Music Hall....
The Samuel M. Nickerson House, located at 40 East Erie Street in the Near North Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois, is a Chicago Landmark. It was designed by Edward J. Burling of the firm of Burling and Whitehouse and built for Samuel and Mathilda Nickerson in 1883. Samuel M. Nickerson was a prominent figure in the rising national banking industry, who was said to have owned at one point more national bank stock than anyone else in the United States.
The house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and today is home to the Richard H. Driehaus Museum.

  • Curiosamente este Museo posee varias obras de Herter brothers que crearon grandes piezas de decoración para las mansiones de las grandes fortunas de su tiempo, pues bien, en L'Architecture Americaine los Herter Brothers figuran como arquitectos de las Twin Houses de Nueva York propiedad de W.K. Vanderbilt.

Herter Brothers
Trained in his native Germany, Gustave Herter first rose to prominence as a cabinet maker in New York City. Soon after being joined by his younger brother Christian in 1864, the renamed firm, "Herter Brothers", began to create entire decorative schemes of astonishing opulence for the wealthiest families in America.
The Herter Brothers became the best-known interior furnishings firm in New York during the second half of the nineteenth century. German-born and trained, Gustave (1830-1898) and Christian Herter (1840-1883) opened their New York business in 1865. The Herter Brothers firm established its reputation for exquisite marquetry (decorative inlay) by furnishing the mansions of the New York elite in the popular Renaissance Revival style. Following the Civil War, several revival styles became fashionable in furniture design. The Renaissance Revival style was based loosely on the architecture of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Italy, and often incorporated Greek, Moorish, Egyptian, and other historical motifs.
Their client list reads like a Who’s Who of Gilded Age millionaires: Vanderbilt, Morgan, and Gould of New York; Crocker, Stanford, and Huntington of San Francisco; Potter Palmer of Chicago.

....The brothers used such materials as ebonized wood, inlays of ivory and gilt, and other ostentatious devices to satisfy the tastes of their wealthy clients. French, English, and Japanese influences are evident in the furniture designs.....

La descripción,detallada,  de la casa se puede leer en 

Artistic Houses Vol 2. pt. 1.  D. Appleton. 1883

D. Appleton and Company, 1883

Smithsonian digital libraries.

En esta página abierta en el libro abajo incluido podemos leer esta descripción mientras que si vamos a la página 165 podemos ver un fotograbado de la Libreria y Galería de esta residencia.

También es curioso saber que en esta residencia "destacaba" un cuadro de León y Escosura pintor español    apreciado pero no muy reconocido pintor español hoy día.