miércoles, 4 de noviembre de 2015

Vintage photos. 1880' New Haven, Connecticut. City Hall, Baptist Church, Yale Natinal Bank , Hillhouse High School

Vistas de arquitectura de diferentes edificios emblemáticos de la ciudad de New Haven en Conneticut. Las fotos fueron compradas en hojas sueltas desconociendo si pertenecen o no a un álbum de arquitectura de Albert Levy como otras ya comentadas anteriormente.
Esta vez en la cartulina llevan la firma impresa, sello seco "blindstamp" del fotógrafo.
Como detalle complementario comentar, otra vez, el servicio "ask a librarian" que facilitan muchas bibliotecas americanas y, prácticamente, ninguna española.
La foto de la High School no tenia identificación del edificio. Mande un mail a una librería pública de New Haven y me re-dirigieron a la otra. En dos dias obtuve contestación a mi pregunta.Esto es imposible, que yo sepa, que suceda en bibliotecas españolas.



New Haven, in the U.S. state of Connecticut, is the principal municipality in Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of the Long Island Sound in New Haven County, which in turn comprises the outer limits of the New York metropolitan area. It is the second-largest city in Connecticut (after Bridgeport), with a population of 129,779 people as of the 2010 United States Census. According to a census done by the Census Bureau as of July 1, 2012, the city had a population of 130,741.

History of New Haven County. Archive org. 




New Haven, Connecticut. Baptist church.

History of the First Baptist Church in New Haven : historical address delivered at the centenary celebration, the eleventh day of October, nineteen hundred and sixteen




New Haven, Connecticut.  Hillhouse High School. Architect Robert Treat Merwin ( A Guide to Historic New Haven, Connecticut)


Established in 1859 as New Haven High School, Hillhouse High School is New Haven's oldest public high school. Originally located on Orange Street, it adopted its nickname, "The Academics," in acknowledgment of its close association with Yale University.
In 1863, the school was moved to a building at Orange and Wall Streets, which was replaced in 1871 by a new school.
The school is named in honor of James Hillhouse of New Haven, who represented Connecticut in the U.S. Congress in the early years of the United States' existence as a nation, serving as both a Representative and a Senator.




New Haven, Connecticut. Yale National Bank.

The Yale National Bank Of New Haven

The Yale National Bank Of New Haven in Connecticut printed $5,515,110 dollars worth of national currency. Once a bank issues that much money there really isn’t much room for rare issues. However, there are certainly exceptions to every rule. This national bank opened in 1865 and stopped printing money in 1917, which equals a 53 year printing period. That is considering a long operation period for a national bank. During its life, The Yale National Bank Of New Haven issued 25 different types and denominations of national currency.



History of Banking in New Haven. The Yale National Bank

Five other New Haven state banks joined the National Banking System in 1865. The New Haven County Bank became The New Haven County National Bank on May 18th; the New Haven Bank assumed the title of The National New Haven Bank on June 2nd, (its application was dated April 26th and was authorized by the Comptroller of Currency on June 8th) ; the Merchants Bank changed to the Merchants National Bank on April 8th; the Tradesmens Bank changed to The National Tradesmens Bank on June 2nd; and the Quinnipiack Bank changed its name to the Yale National Bank.
The Yale Bank started with a capital of $500,000 and on April 1, 1870, this was increased to $750,000. Alexander McAlister was the bank's first cashier and the first annual meeting was held on January 9, 1865. The following September 19th, it was voted to purchase the Bradley Building at the corner of State and Chapel Streets at a cost not to exceed $43,000 and that a new building be erected at a cost of $70,000. The old building at 126 State Street was sold May 31, 1869, for $25,000.
On February 16, 1866, it was voted that the Duplex lock known as the Yale Patent be taken off the burglar proof safe now inside the bank vault and in its place one of Bacon's best combination locks, called Covert's patent, be put on without delay. The directors voted May 4, 1869, that from then on they were to receive one dollar a piece for each directors' meeting attended
 

 


New Haven, Connecticut. City Hall.

Wikipedia

The New Haven City Hall and County Courthouse is located at 161 Church Street in the Downtown section of New Haven, Connecticut. The city hall building, designed by Henry Austin, was built in 1861; the old courthouse building, now an annex, designed by David R. Brown, was built in 1871-3. They stand on the east side of the New Haven Green.
The pair of buildings was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1975. They are significant early examples of High Victorian Gothic architecture in the United States. The city hall building's most striking feature, formerly, was a clock tower that rose above. It is shown in historic drawing among the accompanying photographs.



Albert Levy
Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture. Due to these series, Albert Levy is referenced as counterpart for Alinari in the United States (13).

  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Second Series, Country Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Ninth Series, Street Fronts. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: First Series, Private City Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Fifth Series, Messrs. Vanderbilt's Mansions. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Tenth Series, Sea Shore Cottages and Country Houses. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Twelfth Series, Modern Street Architecture of Berlin, Street Fronts and Apartment Houses. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series, the Fourteenth Series: Romanesque and Gothic Churches in the South of France (24)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series of Modern American Architecture: Sixteenth Series, American Private City Dwellings. (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series:  Twenty-fourth series.(Berne, Lucerne, Zurich and other Swiss cities and towns) (21)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Thirty-Fifth Series, Sea Shore Cottages And Country Houses, Bar Harbor, Mount Desert, Maine : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (16)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: Thirty-First Series, Street Fronts, Stores, Office , Etc : Lévy, Albert. c1884 (15)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series : Thirty-Sixth Series, Sea-Shore Cottages, Etc., Newport, R.I., And Long Branch, N.J : Lévy, Albert. 1895 (15)
  • Albert Levy's Photographic Series Of Modern American Architecture. : Lévy, Albert. 1883
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: 3rd series, French Gothic and Renaissance, Civil and Domestic Architecture, New York: Albert Levy, 1884. (14)
  • Albert Levy's Architectural Photographic Series: 33rd series, American City and Country Residences, etc, New York: Albert Levy, 1884. (14)
  • Architectural Photographic Series, city houses/Levy: 1 album, 38 leaves of plates: photographs 36x46 cm. New York, Albert Levy (between 1880-1895?). (20).
    • Signature by Albert Levy in "Albert Levy's Architectural photographic series"
      In some cases, in the Photographic series the  Photographs are titled, numbered and mounted on blue card stock. The card stock is embossed
      "Architectural & Decorative Books, Albert Levy, NY, 77, University".


      Studies/shops:
      - He had the following studies in New York

          - A study in 77 University Place, NY in 1870-1878 (23)

          - A study in 4 Bond Street, NY in 1880 (2)
          - A study in 34 1/2 Pine Street, NY in 1887 (3).
      - At the same time he also had a study in France, 19 rue de la Chaussée-d'Antin, Paris (3).
      - The Bibliothèque Nacionale de France also has another reference in 1901: "22 janvier 1901, A. Lévy, 4 av. Pinel, Asnières" (3)
      He is also referenced as bookseller (2).

      Manufacturer:
      Albert Levy is referenced as the photographer who began the manufacture of the gelatin dry plates in 1878. All references can be found in the book Photography and the American Scene. A social history (1839-1889) by Robert Taft. See (5), (6), (7) and (8) for full text.
      Albert Levy is also identified as "early competitor of Eastman, NYC" (9). This reference relates also to the book by Robert Taft (10).

      Editor:
      The Bibliothèque Nacionale the France (2) and the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library (20) own a catalogue of 2500 titles by Albert Levy as editor in New York and Paris for Architectural photography. 

      • Photographs by Levy in the Halic Collection: Art Institute Chicago 
      • Culture France
        L’assimilation du régionalisme dans l’architecture balnéaire

        L’apparition du style néo-normand est sans doute la plus précoce mais aussi la plus
          ambiguë du régionalisme. D’après Claude Mignot, le créateur du type de la villa néo-normande
        semble être l’architecte caennais Jacques Baumier père. Dès 1860, celui-ci bâtit les dépendances de la villa Suzanne de Louis-Léon Paris à Houlgate et, deux ans plus tard, sur la plage de Trouville la Maison normande pour Adolphe Cordier. Elles seront suivies de trois autres réalisations sur les  hauteurs de la même station. Il faut attendre une vingtaine d’années pour voir se répandre la seconde génération de villas sur toute la côte normande, signées par de nombreux architectes comme
        Jacques Baumier fils, Edouard Papinot, Adrien Jory père et fils, E. Mauclerc, G. Pichereau

        Estudio sobre la arquitectura Balnearia. Tipos de Viviendas

        Jacques Baumier Wikipedia
      • Objetif Calvados
        Un siecle de photographie aux archives de Calvados 1850-1950

        LEVY, Albert
        (1847 – vers 1905), professionnel.
        Photographe d’architecture, Asnières.
        Actif aux Etats-Unis, 1873 – années 1880 ;
        en France, années 1880 – vers 1905.



History of Banking in New Haven. The Yale National Bank. p. 53

 En la página 53 y siguientes se encuentra la historia de este banco